Baza, known as Basti in Iberian times, was an important Iberian city. It was a strategic center for trade and agriculture, and its inhabitants maintained commercial relations with other cultures of the Iberian Peninsula and the Mediterranean.


Cista: Burial that consists of four side slabs and a fifth that acts as a cover.

– Slab: Stone fragment, partially exsquared.

– Jabaluna: Native limestone with a dark color, like that of wild boar, when wet.

– Trousseau: Set of artifacts that accompany the deceased in his burial.

– Cinerary urn: Urn intended to contain the ashes of corpses.

– Necropolis: Large cemetery in which funeral monuments abound.

Adobe: Mass of mud sometimes mixed with straw, molded into a brick and dried in the air, which is used in the construction of walls or walls.

– Burial: Burial of a corpse.

– Sacralize: Attribute or confer sacred character to what did not have it.

Bustum: Burial carried out in the cremation pit itself.

– Fusayola: Counterweight placed on the spinning spindle, also serving as a counterweight.

– Cratera: In ancient Greece and Rome, a wide vessel for mixing water and wine.

– Soliferreum: Throwing weapon, javelin type, entirely made of iron.

Falcata: Curved-edged sword originating from pre-Roman Iberia. Its use is historically associated with the populations of the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula.

– Ustrinum: Pit where combustion activity has been found.

– Funeral pyre: It is a structure, generally made of wood, that is used for the burning of a body as part of the funeral rite.

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